In the preparation stage, people can either be educate or educate others on the hazards of an incident and how it can be managed.
Law officials can also place building laws on where to place buildings to minimize loss, death and injury during the event
-This is basically trying to forecast when an incident will occur
- We can use various methods such as satellites, river flow meters etc
-Methods that can be put into place to stop or at least minimize damage, loss, injury or death due to an incident